Diabetes, whether type 1 or 2, in itself, is a type of disease that can prove to be quite dangerous to health if not treated properly. It is a global health problem that is increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. This illness may cause microvascular and macrovascular complications. Microvascular complications include damage to the kidneys, eyes, and nerves while macrovascular complications include damage to the heart and brain.
Causes of diabetes mellitus
There are many environmental and genetic causes of type 2 diabetes which are as follows:
- Obesity – people who are obese are more susceptible to this disease than any other individuals
- Unhealthy diet – this factor contributes a lot to the contraction of this disease. Eating junk food or oily food increases the cholesterol level resulting in obesity
- Physical inactivity – people with less physical activity have weaker bodies. Exercise can greatly benefit the body to function better.
- Family history – if you have a history of diabetes mellitus that runs in your family then you become the easy target of this disease. It is better to take precautions by following a check-up routine of your blood sugar levels after every six months.
There is no cure for this disease but it can be managed through a lifestyle approach that suits you and your body. The best way to manage diabetes mellitus is by managing weight. Weight loss and exercise is the ultimate solution to this illness.
Taking a diet high in fiber may prove to be beneficial for your body. We often tend to binge eat high-energy foods like pasta, spaghetti, rice but these foods become problematic for people with less physical activity and in turn make them obese. Eating fruits and vegetables can make our blood sugar less insulin resistant.
Exercise plays an important role in maintaining our healthy body mass. Keeping your body in shape not only makes you feel better but also makes you strong enough to fight this disease. Our muscles take in glucose from all parts of the body thereby producing more energy. Increased physical activity helps to lower blood sugar levels. Along with exercise, there should be less calorie intake because only then you can manage your body mass well.
Quit smoking and alcohol consumption
Exercise and a healthy diet are not the only ways to control blood sugar levels. It is highly recommended by doctors that people with diabetes must quit smoking and alcohol to stay healthy and fit.
Nowadays, medications have been designed in such a way that they not only help to keep the blood sugar levels down but also play important role in weight loss. Medications like Janumet can be purchased from a pharmacy by consulting with your doctor. You can also get janumet discount on the website of pricepropharmacy which is an online pharmacy selling medicines at discounted prices.
Blood glucose monitoring
This measure helps to keep the blood sugar levels under check. People on insulin need to test their blood sugar levels so that they never get too low.