February 16, 2017

Vitamins guide

Vitamin


Helps Sources Signs of deficiency
A (retinol, carotene) growth and repair of body tissue, immune functions, night vision eggs, dark green & yellow fruits and vegetables, dairy products, liver 

 

Poor night vision or night blindness, loss of appetite, increased susceptibility to infection, and changes in the skin and teeth.
B1 (Thiamine) carbohydrate metabolism appetite regulation, important in nervous system and growth 

 

wheat germ, pork, whole & enriched grains, dried beans, seafood Fatigue, loss of appetite, weight loss, gastrointestinal upsets, nausea and weakness. Signs of a severe deficiency include mental confusion, muscular weakness, paralysis of the extremities, heart problems and loss of reflexes.
B2 (Riboflavin) carbohydrate, fat & protein metabolism, essential for cell respiration and mucous membranes 

 

dairy products, green leafy vegetables, whole & enriched grains, beef, lamb, eggs Soreness of the mouth, lips and tongue, burning and itching of the eyes, loss of vision, sensitivity to light. As the deficiency progresses, the inside of the mouth, and the eyes and skin become inflamed, and depression and/or hysteria develop.
B6 (pyridoxine) carbohydrate & protein metabolism, formation of antibodies and red blood cells, nerve function 

 

fish, poultry, lean meat, whole grains, potatoes Depression, vomiting, increased susceptibility to disease and infection, skin and nerve inflammation, anemia, nausea and lethargy.
B12 (cobalamin) carbohydrate, fat & protein metabolism, nervous system maintenance, blood cell formation beef, fish, poultry, eggs, dairy products Anemia and neurological problems.
Biotin carbohydrate, fat & protein metabolism, fatty acid production, B vitamins utilization egg yolk, meat, dairy products, dark green vegetables; also made by microorganisms inside intestinal tract 

 

Skin inflammation, depression, conjunctivitis, hair loss, elevated blood levels of cholesterol, anemia, loss of appetite, tingling and numbness in the hands and feet, nausea, lethargy, muscle pain, and enlargement of the liver.
Folic acid red blood cell formation, protein metabolism, cell division & growth green leafy vegetables, dried beans, poultry, fortified cereals, oranges, nuts Anemia, poor growth, digestive disorders, malnutrition, diarrhea, loss of appetite, weakness, irritability, sore tongue, headaches, heart palpitations and behavioral disorders.
Niacin carbohydrate, fat & protein metabolism, GI system maintenance, blood circulation, nerve function, appetite regulation meat, fish, whole & enriched grains, beans, nuts & peas Weakness, loss of appetite, indigestion, skin inflammation, and lethargy. A severe deficiency results in the disease pellagra, which causes scaly skin, swollen tongue, tremors and damage to the central nervous system.
Pantothenic acid nutrient conversion into energy, vitamin utilization, nerve function most plant & animal foods, especially lean meats, whole grains, legumes 

 

Fatigue, heart and digestive problems, respiratory infections, skin inflammation and lack of coordination may develop under severe conditions.
C (ascorbic acid) wound healing, collagen maintenance, infection resistance, important for healthy gums & blood vessels 

 

citrus fruits, tomatoes, melons, berries, green & red peppers, broccoli An increased tendency to get black-and-blue marks, bleeding gums, nose bleeds and wounds that heal slower than normal. Other signs include damage to blood vessels, swollen, tender joints and aching bones, general weakness, loss of appetite and dry, scaly skin. The disease known as scurvy results from a severe vitamin C deficiency. Scurvy is characterized by anemia, tooth loss and bleeding under the skin.
D (cholecalciferol) calcium & phosphorus metabolism (bone & teeth formation) egg yolk, fatty fish, milk; also made in skin when exposed to sunlight A prolonged lack of this nutrient results in changes in the bones of children and adults.
E (tocopherol) free radical scavenger, possible role in immune function 

 

vegetable oil, wheat germ, nuts, dark green vegetables, whole grains, beans Anemia in infants and nerve damage in adults.
K blood clotting functions & bone metabolism green leafy vegetables, beef liver Vitamin K deficiency is very rare. But certain conditions or medications that affect vitamin K absorption may lead to abnormal blood clotting.

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